## What is a **Call Option**?

A Call Option is a type of financial derivative contract that grants the holder the right to purchase an underlying asset at a predetermined price within a specific timeframe. Specifically, a call option allows the holder to buy the underlying asset (such as stocks, commodities, currency pairs, etc.) at a pre-agreed price, known as the strike price or exercise price.

Characteristics of a Call Option:

- Right to Exercise: The holder of a call option has the right to purchase the underlying asset at the agreed price before the expiration date of the option. This means the holder can choose whether to exercise the option, providing flexibility.
- Limited Loss: The maximum loss for the holder of a call option is limited to the cost paid to purchase the option, also known as the option premium. Even if the price of the underlying asset is below the strike price at the time of expiration, the holder can choose not to exercise the option, losing only the option premium.
- Unhedged Risk: The seller (writer) of a call option undertakes the obligation to sell the underlying asset if the holder decides to exercise the option. The risk for the seller is that if the price of the underlying asset rises above the strike price, they may have to sell the asset at a lower than market price, incurring a loss. Therefore, sellers typically demand the option premium as compensation for taking on this risk.

Value and Influencing Factors of a Call Option:

- Intrinsic Value: The intrinsic value of a call option is the profit that could be realized by exercising the option at a specific point in time. It equals the difference between the current price of the underlying asset and the strike price. If the intrinsic value is greater than zero, the option is said to be in the money.
- Time Value: In addition to intrinsic value, a call option has time value. The time value reflects the possibility of the underlying asset's price rising within the remaining time. It is influenced by various factors, including the volatility of the underlying asset, the remaining time, interest rates, and market conditions.
- Volatility: The volatility of the underlying asset's price has a significant impact on the value of a call option. Higher volatility means the underlying asset's price is more likely to exceed the strike price, increasing the value of the call option.

## Common Questions About Call Options

### What is the purpose of a Call Option?

A Call Option allows the holder to purchase an underlying asset at a specific price within a specific time, serving two main purposes:

Profit Opportunity: If the market price of the underlying asset is higher than the strike price at the time of expiration, the holder can purchase the asset at below the market price by exercising the option, then sell it at the market price, thus earning a profit.

Hedging Tool: A call option can also serve as a hedging tool in a portfolio, used to mitigate the risk of a decline in the underlying asset's price. By paying a certain fee for a call option, the holder obtains the right to purchase the asset at a pre-agreed price in the event of a price decline, thus reducing the portfolio's risk.

### What are the elements of a Call Option?

The elements of a call option include:

The underlying asset: The call option specifies the asset that can be purchased, such as stocks, commodities, currency pairs, etc.

Strike Price: The call option specifies the price at which the underlying asset can be purchased, also known as the strike price or exercise price. The holder buys the underlying asset at this price when exercising the option.

Expiration Date: The call option sets an expiration date, the period during which the option is valid. The holder must exercise the option before this date, or the option will expire and become void.

Option Premium: The holder pays a certain fee to purchase the call option, known as the option premium or option money. This is demanded by the seller as compensation for providing the option.

### What is the difference between a Call Option and a Put Option?

Call Options and Put Options are two opposing forms of options. A Call Option grants the holder the right to purchase the underlying asset, whereas a Put Option grants the holder the right to sell the underlying asset at a specific price within a specific time. Therefore, Call Options and Put Options differ in the following aspects:

- Direction of Exercise: Call Options allow for the purchase of the underlying asset, while Put Options allow for its sale.
- Profit Opportunities: Call Options profit when the price of the underlying asset rises, whereas Put Options profit when the price falls.
- Risk Characteristics: The loss is limited to the option premium paid for Call Options, whereas the loss could be unlimited for Put Options.