## What is the Bell Curve?

The bell curve is a common statistical distribution form, also known as normal distribution. Its name comes from the shape of the graph describing the normal distribution, which presents a symmetric bell-shaped curve.

The peak of the bell curve represents the most likely event in a set of data (in this case, the mean, mode, and median), with other possible events symmetrically distributed on both sides of the peak, forming a downward-sloping curve. The width of the bell curve is described by its standard deviation.

## Why is the bell curve also called the normal distribution curve?

The bell curve is referred to as the normal distribution curve because it is the graphical representation of normal distribution. Normal distribution is a special probability distribution characterized by the following features:

- Symmetry: Normal distribution is symmetrical, with both sides of the curve mirroring each other, presenting a bell shape.
- Mean, mode, and median are equal: In normal distribution, these three statistical measures have the same value, all located at the peak of the curve.
- Standard deviation determines the width of the curve: The width of the normal distribution is determined by its standard deviation. The larger the standard deviation, the wider the curve; the smaller the standard deviation, the narrower the curve.

Normal distribution has significant applications in many fields because many natural and random phenomena can be approximately described by normal distribution. In statistics, natural sciences, social sciences, and finance, normal distribution is frequently used to describe and analyze various data and phenomena. Due to the similarity in shape to the bell curve, the normal distribution curve is commonly referred to as the bell curve.

## Mathematical Formula for the Bell Curve

The bell curve refers to the normal distribution curve, whose mathematical formula is:

- f(x) = (1 / (σ * √(2π))) * e^(-((x - μ)^2) / (2σ^2))

Here, f(x) is the height of the curve at a given point x; μ is the mean of the curve; σ is the standard deviation of the curve; e is the base of the natural logarithm, approximately equal to 2.71828.

This formula describes the shape of the normal distribution curve, where the mean μ determines the center position of the curve, and the standard deviation σ determines the width of the curve. The curve reaches its highest point at the mean and gradually declines on both sides, being symmetrical. The normal distribution curve is the most common distribution in statistics, and many natural phenomena and human behaviors can be approximately described by this distribution.