What are Accruals? What should we pay attention to regarding accruals?


Accrual is an accounting principle that records revenues and related expenses in accounts at the transaction time based on the matching principle, regardless of actual cash flows.

What is an Accrual?

An accrual is a concept in accounting principles that involves recording related revenues and expenses in the accounts as transactions or events occur, according to the matching principle, without considering the actual cash inflows or outflows. In other words, accruals refer to revenues or expenses that have been incurred or accumulated, but cash has not yet been received or paid.

The purpose of accruals is to ensure that financial statements accurately reflect a company's economic activities and financial status within a specific accounting period. They help achieve the matching of revenues with related expenses to provide more accurate financial information.

Some common types of accruals include:

  • Accrued Revenue: Revenue that has been earned but not yet received in cash, such as for services rendered or goods sold, but invoices have not been issued or payment received.
  • Accrued Expenses: Expenses that have been incurred but not yet paid in cash, such as employee salaries, unsettled bills, or rent.
  • Accrued Interest: Interest expenses that have not yet been paid, such as for bonds not yet matured or loan interest.
  • Accrued Taxes: Taxes that have not yet been paid, such as payable income taxes or sales taxes.

Accruals are typically recorded in the liabilities or assets section of the financial statements to reflect the company's current obligations and rights. They are adjusted at the end of the accounting period to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the financial statements.

What Should We Pay Attention to Regarding Accruals?

Why is it necessary to record and adjust accruals?

Recording and adjusting accruals is necessary to comply with the matching principle in accounting principles. It ensures that revenues and expenses are accurately reflected in the financial statements for the appropriate accounting period, providing accurate financial information.

What is the difference between accruals and cash flows?

Accruals refer to revenues or expenses that have occurred but not yet resulted in cash receipts or payments. They do not align perfectly with actual cash flows because accruals are recorded based on the occurrence time of economic activities, while cash flows involve actual cash receipts and payments.

How are accruals adjusted?

Adjustments of accruals usually occur at the end of the accounting period. Adjustments are made through journal entries based on the actual amounts of the accruals incurred, incorporating them into the appropriate accounting period in the financial statements.

Please note, the specific circumstances of accruals may vary across different industries, accounting standards, and company policies. In specific cases, it is advisable to consult professional accountants or financial experts to ensure compliance with applicable accounting standards and regulations, and to correctly manage accruals.

Risk Warning and Disclaimer

The market carries risks, and investment should be cautious. This article does not constitute personal investment advice and has not taken into account individual users' specific investment goals, financial situations, or needs. Users should consider whether any opinions, viewpoints, or conclusions in this article are suitable for their particular circumstances. Investing based on this is at one's own responsibility.

The End



Accruals refer to transactions or events that have occurred but have not yet been paid or received in cash, based on the accrual accounting principle. This involves the recognition of income and expenses during the accounting period in which they occur.

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