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中国已成为全球天然气贸易大国

2023-08-22

尽管中国获得了更长期的超冷燃料供应,但中国的贸易规模仍在扩大,自去年以来这些交易已膨胀至每年4,000万吨左右,交易金额则增加了50%。

路透社报道,中国正在扩大其在全球液化天然气贸易领域的影响力,中国贸易商在新加坡和伦敦设立了新的或扩大的交易柜台。使得中国与壳牌(Shell)、英国石油(BP)、道达尔能源(totalenergy)和挪威国家石油公司(Equinor)等液化天然气贸易领军企业可以直接竞争。

尽管中国获得了更长期的超冷燃料供应,但中国的贸易规模仍在扩大,自去年以来这些交易已膨胀至每年4,000万吨左右,交易金额则增加了50%。

据路透社报道,超过10家中国能源贸易公司正在招聘更多的交易员或扩大他们的交易部门,而国有的中海油计划在伦敦开设办事处。中海油本月曾表示,诺瓦泰克(Novatek)的北极液化天然气2号项目将在今年年底前按计划投产,中海油在该项目中拥有10%的股份。

Trident液化天然气全球贸易主管Toby Copson在接受路透社采访时表示,我们将看到中国企业从完全的净进口国转变为更多的国际和国内贸易参与者。

扩大贸易的核心动机似乎是能源安全,而这一直是中国能源政策的重点。中石油国际液化天然气全球交易主管张耀宇表示,供应安全仍然是我们业务活动的核心。交易能力是帮助我们更好地应对市场波动手段之一。

路透社指出,由于中国天然气贸易规模的扩张,到2026年中国贸易商签约的液化天然气总量将达到每年1亿吨。

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Balance of Trade

The trade balance, also known as the balance of trade, refers to the difference between the total exports and imports of a country or region over a certain period (usually one year). It is a significant indicator used to measure the international trade status of a country or region.

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