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People's Bank of China Reduces Reserve Ratio by 0.5% for Financial Institutions

02-05

The People's Bank of China officially implemented the first reserve requirement ratio cut of the year, reducing the reserve requirement ratio for financial institutions by 0.5 percentage points.

At a critical moment when the economy faces downward pressure, the People's Bank of China has taken significant monetary policy adjustments by officially implementing the first reserve requirement ratio (RRR) cut of the year on February 5, 2024. This adjustment reduced the reserve requirement ratio for financial institutions by 0.5 percentage points. The policy's implementation has released approximately 1 trillion yuan of long-term liquidity into the market, widely interpreted as a clear signal from the central bank to stabilize economic growth and support the development of the real economy.

The governor of the central bank, Pan Gongsheng, emphasized at a press conference of the State Council Information Office that the purpose of this RRR cut is to optimize the liquidity structure and enhance the financial system's support for the real economy, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), agriculture, rural areas, and farmers. This measure not only helps to alleviate the current market liquidity tension but also plays a critical role in boosting market confidence and supporting a good start to the economy in the first quarter.

Furthermore, to further ensure reasonably ample market liquidity, the central bank also conducted a 100 billion yuan 14-day reverse repo operation, maintaining the winning bid rate at 1.95%. This series of operations reflects the central bank's flexibility and moderation in monetary policy regulation, aiming to ensure stable economic development within a reasonable range.

Analysts point out that this RRR cut is the largest in recent years, showing the central bank's positive attitude towards economic prospects and its firm commitment to stabilizing growth policies. By lowering the funding costs for financial institutions, this move will promote increased lending to key areas and weak links by the banking system, further strengthening financial services to the real economy.

This policy adjustment by the People's Bank of China not only injects strong momentum into the high-quality development of the real economy but also provides domestic and international investors with a more stable and favorable financial environment. The central bank also stressed that it would continue to implement a prudent monetary policy, maintain stable financial market operations, and create a favorable monetary and financial environment for economic and social development, demonstrating China's determination and capability to achieve stable growth amid global economic uncertainties.

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